Kalari is an art in which importance is given foremost to the guru and lineage. The control of body and mind is sought to be attained through an act of surrender to God, the reason why it is built and maintained as a temple. And such all the students are required to follow certain ethics in the course of learning this Art
At the time of joining the class, and at very stage of this course, like starting meipayattu exercises, starting any new weapons, etc. obeisance is to be made to the guru and God by way of offering fruits, flowers, incense stick, camphor Betel leves with guru Dakshina.
Physical strength is to be preceded by a sound mind. Students are expected to lean towards spirituality and learn slokas in praise of God, before they develop muscular strength. This is to develop vivekam in them, so that they are able to distinguish between right and wrong, and use their strength accordingly
Regulation to be followed by the Students of Kalari
In order to obtain the full benefit of practicing Kalaripayattu, the students practicing it are to ensure that they adhere to the below mentioned rules
- Early in the morning after completing the morning ablution (Pratah Karmaani), have a glass of warm water/ milk etc.
- After coming to the class for practice, apply oil on the head- the oil being regularly applied/ eladi keram/ kayyonyadi/ Asana eladi/ vilwadi. (Those with any physical problems like headache, giddiness, wheezing, problems in ear or eye, BP, diabetes etc., should consult with the Gurukkal and apply the oil as advised him)
- Oil is to be then applied on the body all joints, especially- gingely oil mixed with coconut oil can be used or Dhanwanthram / Lakshadi/ Saharchardi/Murivenna/ Ayavenna can be used. (Those suffering from knee pains, joint pains, backaches, spondylitis, etc., to consult the Gurukkal for the oil to be applied)
- Boy & Men necessarily HAVE to wear langotte for Kalari practice, which can be obtained from the class itself at RS.100each
- Girls & Ladies necessarily have to tie a shawl around the waist firmly. During the monthly periods, they are not allowed to enter the Kalari Arena.
- After Kalari practice, leave at least a gap of around 20 minutes and then take head bath. Have food only after a bath. Should NOT take a bath immediately after having food. Similarly, should Not apply oil immediately after having bath also.
- Should regular.
- Having food at times other than breakfast, lunch and dinner to be avoided
- No Non-vegetarian food
- No spicy and fried items
- No bakery products
- Fasting at least once a week (skipping lunch,preferably Sunday is advisable)
- No Cool drinks or item from fridge direct.
- Usage of any kind of tobacco and alcoholic products is STRICTLY TO BE AVOIDED during the years of Kalari practice. Please note that intake of any alcoholic or tobacco products during the period of Kalari practice is detrimental to health.
Guru Vidhushi Smt.Mrudula Rai In Brief
Having started learning Bharatanatyam at the age of 8 under Shri.Ullal Mohan Kumar, and furthering her training under Smt.Shobhana Balachander,the youngest of the Trio Sister, her career in dance over the year, has seen her,
Performing at Various platforms like Chidambaram Natyanjali, Brahan Natyanjali, Mayura Natyanjali, Perur Natyanjali, Mamallapuram Dance Festival, Edinborough Dance Festival, at the Indian Embassy Germany,Spain, Doha etc., across the year,. Being honored with titles like “Bhartha Nruthya Choodamani”, “Kala Vikasa Rathan”,”Vasathashresht”, “Vocational Service Award”, “Mayura Nattuvnga Namani”,
Winning accolades for her production and Thematics like Tsunami, Women Empowerment, Krishna, Bharat Yatra, Oothukadu Vaibhavam,Thirvarutpa, Karna, Veerbadra, Thalapady Bhagavathyapuranam, Kalahasthi Kshetram,etc. Being made the Co-ordinator for the Coimbatore Center of Prayathnam
All these and Vidushi Smt. Mrudula Rai continues with her dedication and sincerity to this Art, training students in her dance school “Shree Natya Niketan”, now numbering 300 assisted by her senior students who have started schools on their own too, widening the SNN family
What is Yoga?
Derived from the Sanskrit word yuj, Yoga means union of the individual consciousness or soul with the Universal Consciousness or Spirit. Yoga is a 5000-year-old Indian body of knowledge. Though many think of yoga only as a physical exercise where people twist, turn, stretch, and breathe in the most complex ways, these are actually only the most superficial aspect of this profound science of unfolding the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul. The science of Yoga imbibes the complete essence of the Way of Life.
Types of Yoga
The term “yoga” has been applied to a variety of practices and methods that includes:
- ‘Gyan Yoga’ or philosophy
- ‘Bhakti Yoga’ or path of devotional bliss
- ‘Karma Yoga’ or path of blissful action
Raja Yoga is further divided into eight parts also known as Ashtanga Yoga. At the heart of the Raja Yoga system, balancing and unifying these various approaches, is the practice of Yoga Asana.
The use of Quarter-Staff (Stick) in fighting and recreation seems to have been in existence in some form or the other in almost all countries of the world in all times. However, the mode and style of play vary from state to state.
In India, stick handling techniques are called Silambam. Silambam is an old Martial and Folk art practice. It has been very popular for centuries. Since this art originated in Tamilnadu (One of the states in India), we can find so much of evidence in Tamil literature’s like Purananooru, Agasthiar Kambu Suthiram and some other minor literary pieces. Silambam is considered as one of the 64 arts of ancient period, thereby we say it is the mother of all martial arts with unique techniques and practices. In Sangam era, the kings who ruled Dravidanadu greatly patronized this combative art. It was used during warfare.
USES OF PRACTICING SILAMBAM
Silambam is one of the traditional and ancient forms of art in Tamilnadu. It was of the most famous forms of art during the Chera, Chola,Pandian and Pallava kingdom. Though it had a fall in the middle, it rose to greater heights in the present period and was also introduced in the South Asian games. Hence it is our duty to learn, practice and teach this ancient and traditional art.
A person who gains dexterity in rotating the pole (stick) can even stop a stone being pelted on him. For those who have mastered this art can defend themselves even when attacked by ten persons at a time. Hence Silambam should be learnt as for the purpose of self defense.
The adage of the elderly people, “Health is Wealth” becomes a way of life for those who learn Silambam continually. Over a period of time, such persons will be cured from chronic and long lasting diseases like asthma and diabetes. Hence Silambam is an art of physical workout (exercise).
After mastering Silambam, particularly Thee silambam (performance with fire sticks) the art can be performed to amuse people and get their appreciation during family functions, temple festivals and in college functions in the area one lives.
After learning Silambam well one can express his individuality by competing in various competitive events. State and District level Silambam competitions are being held nowadays. By winning in these competitions one can get certificates, medals and above all recognition that could enhance one’s job prospectus.